Serbia is centrally located on the Balkan peninsula, and its central part is naturally passable in the direction north-south. This is the main reason of the strategic importance of Serbia.
Did you know that 16 Roman emperors were born in the region of today´s Serbia? It is the proof of the importance of its territory at that time already. One of the greatest Roman emperors, Constantin, was born on the territory of Serbia. There is a record on his birth which says that he was born in Nais (today´s Niš). The remnants of important Roman roads and towns now give evidence of six centuries of Roman rule on our territory – Gamzigrad, Sirmium, Mediana. There you can see remnants of various buildings. Serbia is very rich in Roman buildings and cultural monuments, that are being renovated and become a tourist attraction.
Due to its geographic position, Serbia is at the same time a Danube - basin and a Central-European country. A large part of Danube flows through its territory, and it is located on an important corridor, through which goods was transported over centuries, as well as civilisation and new knowledge, between Europe and Asia.
Serbia was one of the first 30 countries in the world to be constituted as a „state“, as early as in the Middle Age. Many today´s developed countries did not have such an organization. Stephan Nemanya united Serbian tribes in the state Rashka, in the middle of the 12th century. United in this way, Serbia will exist in the following 200 years. Serbia became a kingdom in 1219. Serbian church became independent, got autokephality, lead by the patriarch Sava, and in 1345 it became an empire. The period of the dinasty of Nemanyich is related to the legends about Serbian knights, kings and emperors. Serbian folk poems are well known and famous in the world. German poet Goethe translated them to German in the 19th century.
Serbia – monasteries in Serbia
Serbian monasteries and Serbian – Byzantine painting of the Middle Age are world famous. The fresco The White Angel of Mileshevo is very well known. When the first satellite signal was sent from Europe to space, in „the package of human achievements“ - it was in fact the message to some reasonable beings that may exist in space – in it were the photos of men reaching the Moon, of the Great Wall in China and of the White Angel. That is the evidence of the importance of Serbian medieval art.
The state of Serbia
Serbia has existed for over 200 years.The beginning of the modern state of Serbia is the first Serbian insurrection in 1804. It was the beginning of the restauration of the state of Serbia and the liberation of Turks led by Karadjordje. It continued after the second Serbian insurrection, led by Duke Milosh Obrenovich. It was during the reign of the dinasty Obrenovich that Serbia finally, after 500 years, was liberated from the Turkish rule. On 6th April 1867, the sultan´s ferman from 29th March was read on Kalemegdan, and Ali Riza pasha, the last muhafis of Belgrade, handed in to Duke Mihailo the keys of all the towns in Serbia. Serbia finally became an independent and free country.
Today, in the 21st century, Serbia tends to join modern European countries, building its infrastructure, spreading Serbian culture, and developing its tourist offer. At the moment, two most popular Serbian brends are Gucha and Exit. We hope that the number of our brends will grow.
Serbia – surface and demography
Serbia has the surface of 88.361km2 and about 9.8 million inhabitants. It has, after Romania, the largest population in the south-east Europe, and it borders 8 countries. It borders Hungary in the north, Romania in the north-east, Bulgaria in the east, Macedonia in the south, Albania and Montenegro in the south- west, Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina in the west. The capital city of Serbia is Belgrade, with the population of 1.576.124 . Belgrade is the administrative and economic centre of Serbia.
Serbia is important as a Danube-basin and a central-European country because the Panonian space is open, and the Danube, as one of the two longest navigable European rivers flows through Serbia in the length of 588km, so Serbia is connected to 7 countries by the Danube.
Serbia - Geographical regions and relif
The basic relief structures are: the plain of the Panonian valley in the north, the low region of Shumadia in the central part and the mountain region in the western, southern and eastern parts of Serbia. There are also the valleys of the rivers Timok and Drina.
Voivodina - Geographical position and history
Voivodina is the flat part of the Panonian Valley. It was developed in the conflicts of different empires: Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman and Austro- Hungarian. It was settled by the Germans, Jewish, Tsintsars, Greeks, Armeninans, after the Hungarians, Slowaks and Ukrainians had already settled there. That is why one can find so much beauty in the cultural heritage of Voivodina. It is considered that the beginning of Serbian litteracy stems from Voivodina. The first Serbian high school was opened in 1871 in Sremski Karlovci. Matica Srpska was founded in 1826, and Serbian National Theater in 1861. The world´s oldest literary journal still being published, Letopis, was started in 1825. Voivodina was homeland to the famous engraver Orfelin, as well as to the satirist Jovan Steria popovich, the scientist Mihailo Pupin, the painter Urosh Predich, the poet Jovan Jovanovich Zmay, the poet Miroslav Antich.
Voivodina occupies 24.3% of the territory of Serbia. In this plain there are only two mountains, which were islands in the Panonian sea – Frushka Gora, with over 30 monasteries, and the mountains of Vrshats. In Voivodina you can find large and navigable rivers with low banks and numerous river islands with rich vegetation, especially along the Danube, the Sava, the Tamish and the Tisa.
As well as having a lot of agricultural land, Voivodina is rich in petrol, gas, navigable rivers, thermal springs and spas. Hunting and fishing is very popular, and there are also the protected regions: swamps with rare species, Deliblat sand, Frushka gora and the mountains of Vrshats with rich forest ecosystems and opportunity for recreation.
Shumadio - Geographical position and history
Shumadia is in the central part of Serbia. It is marked by the two Morava rivers, the Danube, the Sava, the Kolubara and the Suvobor. Shumadia occupies 9.5% of the territory of Serbia. This is a region with low hills, open widely and inclined towards the north and the north-east.
The name Shumadia was first mentioned in 1713, in one act of the Belgrad metropolitan´s diocese. It was named after vast thick woods, which covered a large part of its territory up to the middle of the 19th century. It is said that the woods covered this region already in the 16th century.
Shumadia is surrounded by large rivers in wide open valleys, and within it are smaller rivers. Shumadia is a vast region with good roads in all directions. It has a moderate continental climate and a good annual distribution of rainfall, quality soil of high fertility and variety. Shumadia is a region with well preserved and clean nature, as well as with a rich history.
In Shumadia the Serbian revolution started in the beginning of the 19th century – the first Serbian insurrection (Orashats 1804). It is the region of haiduks, of fighters, of traditional costumes and true hospitality. Shumadian brandy is famous and well known. Since time immemorial it has been a symbol of ripeness, purity and elegance. Shumadian wines are also well known, and monasteries were mentioned already in the acts and legends from the period of the dinasty of Nemanyich. They are an important monument of Serbian culture, and a great heritage and wealth of Shumadia.
The mountainous regions of Serbia
Serbia is rich in mountainous regions, which occupy the largest part of its territory. The mountains of Serbia stretch from the Panonian regions to the frontiers of Montenegro, Albania and Macedonia. They are cathegorized as Rodop, Carpathian – Balkan and Dinar mountains. There we have a rich tourist and cultural offer. We will mention some of those that have the richest offer at the moment, although the others do not fall behind in natural beauties.
Serbia – the mountain Kopaonik – It is in the central Serbia, 230km away from Belgrade. The territory of the National Park Kopaonik has the surface oh 11810 hectars in the municipalities Rashka and Brus. It is also the highest mountain of Serbia. It has several peaks over 1600m high. Ravni Kopaonik is its highest part, with peaks:Gobelja 1934m, Karaman Vuchak 1936m, Suvo Rudishte 1976m and Panchich Top 2017m.
Serbia – the mountain Tara – It is in the western part of Serbia and it belongs to the inner belt of Dinarids. It occupies the surface of 183km2. The length of Tara is 50km and the width is 22km. Its average altitude is 1200m. The highest peak is Kozji Rid, 1591m. In 1981, Tara was declared a National Park.
Serbia – the mountain Zlatibor – It is the mountain which stretches over 1000km2 . It is 30km long and up to 15km wide. It stretches in the direction northwest-southeast. The highest peak is Tornik (1496m). It is 230km away from Belgrade.
Serbia – the mountain Zlatar – It is a mountain 22km long and 12km wide. It lies between Lim, Bistrica, Nova Varosh and Peshter. The highest peak is Golo Brdo, 1.627m. The mountain Zlatar is 280km away from Belgrade, if you take the highway to the seaside. Due to its natural features and the fresh air, which has a beneficial effects on the human body, the mountain Zlatar was declared an air spa, by a government act in 2006. It is considered a mountain with healing properties.
Serbia - General information
Serbia – Religion
The majority are orthodox, the minorities are catholics snd Muslims, and there are also other confessions
Serbia – The official language
Serbian, cyrillic and latinic alphabet
Serbia – currency
The official currency is dinar (RSD) (100 paras)
Serbia – public holidays
1st and 2nd January – New Year´s Day 15th February – National Holiday 1st and 2nd May –Workers´ Holiday 9th May – The Day of Victory (not a Bank Holiday)
Serbia – Religious holidays
7th January – the first day of the orthodox Christmas